Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr.
10:11:51 - 10:15:26
MLK: "Now the other thing that we must see about this struggle is that by large it has been a nonviolent struggle." MSs of white police officers breaking up a lunch counter sit-in, shuttling African-American males away. "Let nobody make you feel that those who are engaged or who are engaging in the demonstration in communities all across the South are resulting to violence. These are few in number. For we ve come to see the power of nonviolence. We ve come to see that this method is not a weak method." MSs civil rights demonstrators, all black, under arrest, being hauled into paddy wagons, their placards taken away. "For it s the strong man who can stand up amid opposition, who can stand up amid violence being inflicted upon him and not retaliate with violence." (Applause) MSs white police officers using police attack dogs (German Shepherds) on demonstrators in Birmingham, 1963. "You see that this method has a way of disarming the opponent. It exposes his moral defenses, it weakens his morale and at the same time it works on his conscience and he does not know what to do. If he doesn t beat you, wonderful, if he beats you, you developed a quiet courage of accepting blows without retaliating." MS firefighters hooking fire hose to fire hydrant; TLSs demonstrators being hosed down. "If he doesn t put you in jail, wonderful. Nobody in his sense likes to go to jail, but if he puts you in jail, you go in that jail and transform it to a dungeon of shame, to a haven of freedom and human dignity." MSs demonstrators, including MLK, under arrest, being taken away by police. MS broken windshield of car. MS smashed sign for First Baptist Church; TLSs remains of building that was burned-down. "Even if he tries to kill you, you will develop the inner conviction, that there are some things so dear, some things so precious, some things so eternally true, that they re worth dieing for. And I submit to you that if a man has not discovered something that he will die for, he isn t fit to live." MSs police using attack dogs and force to break up demonstrations. MS young black men on stretcher being loaded into ambulance. MS three white cops forcing black women to ground during arrest procedure. MS two black women hugging. MS white cop striking young black man with butt of rifle. MSs black men carrying wounded man on stretcher to ambulance. "This method has brought wonders. As a result of the nonviolence Freedom Ride Movement segregation in public transportation has almost passed away, absolutely in the South. As a result of the sit in movement at lunch counters, more than 285 cities have now integrated their lunch counters in the South. I say to you, there s power in this method." MSs non-violent civil rights march under watch of the National Guard; both black and white marchers carrying signs. "And so if you want to help us in Alabama and Mississippi and over the South, do all that you can to get rid of the problem here, and then we also need your support in order to get the Civil Rights Bill, that the President is offering, passed. And as a reality, let s not fool ourselves this bill isn t going to get through if we don t put some work in it and some determined pressure. And this is what I ve said. That in order to get this bill through we got to rouse the conscience of a nation." TLS/MSs trains arriving in Washington DC for March on Washington, 1963: civil rights supporters disembark, board buses, make way to Washington Mall.